Russia's anti-ballistic missile space defense system 0

Russia's anti-ballistic missile space defense system 0

The Russian Aerospace Defense Forces are tasked with protecting important industrial and military areas from US intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Russia’s anti-ballistic missile space defense system

Russia’s anti-ballistic missile complex opens fire

In 1967, the Soviet Union established the Aerospace and Anti-Missile Defense Forces (VVKO), incorporating all missile defense units in service, tasked with protecting important industrial and military areas.

During this period, the US possessed nearly 32,000 nuclear warheads, a record high in Cold War history.

In the late 1980s, the Soviet Union created the A-135 missile defense system (ABM) that is still in operation today.

History of Russian ABM development

Concerned with the progress of America’s ICBM development, the Soviet Union began work on the Sistema A missile defense project. This missile defense system is controlled by a ground computer system, which calculates the missile trajectory

After several failed tests due to the computer’s lack of accurate calculation capabilities, the Soviet Union launched the first complete missile defense system named the A-35 in 1971 and deployed it around Moscow.

Russia's anti-ballistic missile space defense system

The firing station and missile silo of the A-35 complex after elimination.

The A-35 includes a control and calculation center, two long-range radar stations and four launcher complexes, capable of intercepting ballistic missiles at a distance of 130-400 km and an altitude of 50-400 km.

The upgraded A-35M version entered service in 1977. The main difference lies in the ability to intercept multi-warhead ballistic missiles.

The operating principle of the A-135 is that a military satellite detects enemy missiles, then notifies radar stations with a viewing range of 10,000 km to capture the target.

Russia's anti-ballistic missile space defense system

Each Russian ballistic missile warning radar has a viewing range of up to 10,000 km.

Each launch site deployed around Moscow has 12-16 53T6 interceptor missiles, capable of hitting targets 60 km away and at an altitude of up to 45 km.

The main feature of the A-135 is completely automatic, from identifying and locking targets to launching and guiding interceptor missiles.

The future of the Russian ABM system

Although the A-135 is a sophisticated and effective system, it is gradually becoming obsolete and will be replaced by the A-235 Nudol missile defense system.

The ABM system cannot prevent an entire large-scale nuclear attack, it is only capable of blocking a limited number of warheads.

This problem can be resolved after the S-500 air defense complex is deployed to protect A-235 and surrounding areas.

In February, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said the first S-500 system will be ready in 2020. It is expected to be able to intercept aircraft, helicopters, and UAVs and destroy up to 10 targets at the same time.

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