Dangerous neurological diseases 5

Dangerous neurological diseases 5

Stroke, epilepsy, migraine, Parkinson's disease... cause people with the disease to have weak limbs, dizziness, vertigo, and memory loss, which can lead to death.

Neurological diseases (neurological disorders) affect the nervous system including the nerves, brain and roots, plexuses, and nerves.

Associate Professor, Dr. Nguyen Van Lieu (Hanoi Tam Anh General Hospital), among hundreds of neurological diseases, there are some common diseases such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy…

Stroke

Stroke (cerebrovascular accident) refers to a change in cerebral blood flow. There are two main types of cerebrovascular accidents: hemorrhagic (blood spills into brain areas, mainly due to rupture of cerebral aneurysms).

Associate Professor, Dr. Nguyen Van Lieu said that the method of rescuing stroke patients in the first minutes is very important.

Stroke causes dizziness, lightheadedness, and numbness in the limbs, if not treated in the `golden` time.

Parkinson disease

Parkinson’s is a progressive nervous system disorder that mainly affects motor function and many other non-motor functions.

Dangerous neurological diseases

People with Parkinson’s disease have difficulty moving, so they need help from others.

Associate Professor, Dr. Nguyen Van Lieu said that although Parkinson’s disease cannot be cured, medicine will significantly improve the symptoms.

Epileptic

Epilepsy occurs due to abnormalities in the brain that lead to simultaneous stimulation of a group of neurons in the cerebral cortex, causing sudden and uncontrollable electrical discharges.

`This disease will follow the patient for the rest of their lives without a definitive treatment. However, if the doctor’s regimen is followed correctly, the frequency of seizures will decrease. If a young child has epilepsy,

Alzheimer

Alzheimer’s is a common neurological disorder that leads to dementia.

Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by the appearance of a series of symptoms that affect memory, thinking and social skills, disrupting activities and significantly reducing the patient’s quality of life.

Dementia occurs with changes in at least two brain functions: memory loss, impaired judgment or language;

Currently, there is no treatment to completely overcome Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, much less reverse the progression of the disease.

Migraine

Migraine is a common headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light.

When migraines recur, headaches will appear with varying intensity, from moderate to very intense.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (also called multiple sclerosis) is damage to the brain and spinal cord.

The most noticeable symptoms of multiple sclerosis are fatigue, difficulty moving, muscle weakness, language disorders, memory and cognitive impairment, and digestive disorders.

The goals in treating multiple sclerosis are to improve exacerbations, slow disease progression (by using immunomodulators and immunosuppressants), and improve symptoms and prevent complications.

Brain tumors

Brain tumor is a disease characterized by abnormal tissue formation in both the brain and spinal cord.

Some common symptoms in brain tumor patients are headache or headache;

Treatment methods depend on the size, location of the tumor, symptoms of the disease, and the patient’s health status. Commonly applied are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

How to diagnose the disease

When one or more symptoms of the disease appear, such as numbness in the hands or feet, muscle pain, dizziness, headaches, frequent loss of balance… you need to go to the hospital for examination immediately.

After a general examination, depending on the condition, the doctor may prescribe paraclinical tests (electroencephalography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography…) and

Ngoc An

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